Last updated  22.12.2003
2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996


2001 Entries


I.- Highlights of Research


The IGBP Science Series No. 2 dedicated to JGOFS "Ocean Biogeochemistry and Global Change" is now available as pdf file (2.8 Mb)
as of 04 September


The Ambio Special Report 10, dedicated to JGOFS is now available as a pdf file.
as of 23 August


The synthesis of the Symposium "Southern Ocean: climatic changes and the cycle of carbon", which took place on 8-12 July 2000, in Brest, France, is now available.
as of 08 August

II.- Reports


New JGOFS Reports are now available on-line and are currently distributed.
Report No. 31:
Thirteenth Meeting of the JGOFS Scientific Steering Committee - Fourteenth Meeting of the JGOFS Scientific Steering Committee - Fifteenth Meeting of the JGOFS Scientific Steering Committee.
Report No. 32:
Meeting of the Southern Ocean Synthesis Group, Bremerhaven, Germany, 3-5 Sept. 1998.
Report No. 33:
Joint IGBP EU-US Meeting on the Ocean Component of an Integrated Carbon Cycle Science Framework.
Report No. 34:
First Meeting of the North Atlantic Synthesis Group, 1998 - Second Meeting of the North Atlantic Synthesis Group, 1998 - Third Meeting of the North Atlantic Synthesis Group, 1998
as of 13 December


The Report prepared after the First GSWG Meeting that took place on 6 July 2001 in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, is now available.
as of 31 October


The Report prepared after the CMTT Meeting that took place on 27-29 September 2001 in Taipei, RoC-Taiwan is now available.
as of 31 October


The Minutes of the SOSG Meeting that took place on 8 & 10-12 July 2000 in Brest, France are now available.
as of 07 August


The Minutes of the DMTT Meeting that took place on 5-6 June 2000 in Kiel, Germany are now available.
as of 06 August

III.- Announcements


The list of forthcoming Meetings has been partly updated
as of 08 October

bullet During the forthcoming European Geophysical Society 27th General Assembly, in Nice, France, on 22-26 April 2002, several special sessions are dedicated to themes related to JGOFS:
BG1. Respiration in the ocean and the effects on carbon fluxes: from local to global scales Legendre, L.; Rivkin, R.B.
BG2. Role of water column microbes in the oceanic carbon cycle Rassoulzadegan, F.R.
BG3. Marine optics and biogeochemistry: from micro- to global scale Claustre, H.; Antoine, D.
BG4. Biogeochemistry of dissolved organic matter in aquatic environments Rochelle-Newall, E.; Mari, X.
OA8. Biogeochemistry of the carbon cycle of the Atlantic Ocean Koeve, W.; Aiken, J.; Garçon, V.
Other sessions might be of interest to the JGOFS community.
as of 08 October
bullet During the forthcoming 2002 Ocean Sciences Meeting organised by AGU and ASLO in Honolulu, Hawaii, USA, on 11-15 February 2002, several special sessions are dedicated to themes related to JGOFS: 
OS04 The Cycle of Carbon in the Southern Ocean Paul Tréguer; Ulrich BathmannTom Trull; Phillip Boyd, and Stéphane Blain
OS18 Synthesis of the Arabian Sea Expeditions Sharon Smith; Peter Burkill and Syed Wajih Ahmad Naqvi
OS23 Synthesis of Pacific Ocean Carbon Cycle Research Christopher L. Sabine and Richard Feely
OS34 Linking Modern and Past Biogenic Fluxes Roger Francois and Richard A. Jahnke
OS49 Oceanic Time-Series Measurements: Assessment of the Past and Planning for the Future Michael W. Lomas; Nicholas R. Bates; Dave Karl and John Dore
Other sessions might be of interest to the JGOFS community.
as of 22 August

The Amsterdam Declaration on Global Change has been adopted during the "Global Change Open Science" Conference, it has been signed by the Chairs of IGBP, WCRP, IHDP and DIVERSITAS, and by at least half of the 1600 participants.
as of 31 July


CMTT Mirror Site. Here is the mirror of the new website for the Continental Margin Task Team, which is a joint JGOFS/LOICZ team.
as of 31 July


Slide Show on JGOFS Science available after the two posters presented by the JGOFS IPO during the IGBP / WCRP / IHDP Conference "Global Change Open Science".
as of 21 July


New part-time Administrative (Financial) Assistant at the JGOFS International Project Office.
as of 01 May


New Assistant Executive Officer at the JGOFS International Project Office
as of 09 April


2000 Entries


Position announcement: Assistant Executive Officer at the JGOFS International Project Office
as of 15 November


New Task Team: JGOFS has liaised with PAGES-IMAGES to form the Paleo-JGOFS task team
as of 13 September


Hugh Ducklow and Karin Lochte will hold a JGOFS session at the Joint IAPSO-IABO Assembly: 2001 An Ocean Odyssey
as of 26 June


The calendar of activities (2000-2003) has been updated. Have a look!
as of 23 June


IGBP Open Science Conference "Challenges on a Changing Earth". Amsterdam, NL, July 2001.
as of 19 May


Call for papers: Deep Sea Research special volume on North Pacific Biogeochemical Processes
as of 27 April


JGOFS Open Science Conference: abstracts on-line
as of 24 March


Position announcement: Executive Director at SCOR
as of 23 March


German-JGOFS workshop in Bremen: First announcement
as of 9 March


Position announcement: Deputy Director in IGBP
as of 8 March


New report: JGOFS Publication list, 1988-1999 (JGOFS Report Nr. 30)  is now available on-line
as of 4 February


Two new special volumes in Deep Sea Research are now available:
* The 1994-1996 Arabian Sea Expedition: Oceanic Response to Monsoonal Forcing, Part 3
* A Canadian JGOFS Process Study in the Gulf of St Lawrence (Canada): Carbon Transformations from Production to Burial
as of 2 February


The North Atlantic Synthesis Group has implemented a web site in France. Have a look!
as of 2 January


1999 Entries


New electronic data publications (CD-ROM): The data from the Hawaii Ocean Time Series (HOT) Program, 1988-1998
as of 15 December


Update: Final Call for the Southern Ocean-JGOFS Symposium
as of 8 December


New publication: The changing Ocean Carbon Cycle, a midterm synthesis of JGOFS, a compilation of  plenary presentations during the 1st JGOFS Scientific Symposium in Villefranche-sur-Mer (1995)
as of 7 December


New electronic data publication (CD-ROM): Data from the Northwest Pacific Carbon Cycle Study (NOPACCS) Part I, Japan's contribution to the North Pacific Process Study, are now available on CD-ROM
as of 2 November


International Symposium on Carbon Cycle in the North Pacific: First Announcement
as of 20 October


2nd JGOFS Open Science Conference: Second Announcement, April 2000, Bergen, Norway
as of 1 October


JGOFS publications: Special volumes in Deep-Sea Research from US JGOFS (Arabian Sea) and France-JGOFS (Continental Margins)
as of 21 September


Update: New deadlines for the third Southern Ocean-JGOFS symposium
as of 13 September


Update: 2nd JGOFS Open Science Conference: new deadline for submission of abstracts
as of 3 September


The minutes from the 13th JGOFS SSC meeting (April 1998, Cape Town) are now on-line
as of 28 July


Announcement from JGOFS-Japan: International Symposium on Carbon Cycle in the North Pacific
as of 23 July


New JGOFS Report on-line: JGOFS Data Management and Synthesis Workshop (Report Nr. 29)
as of 25 June


Visit the web site of the ADEPD (Atlantic Data Base for Exchange Processes at the Deep Sea Floor) project
as of 21 June


First announcement of the 2nd JGOFS Open Science Conference
as of 17 June


Canada is preparing the publication of a CD-ROM with data from Canadian-JGOFS activities in the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. Have a look!
as of 25 May


Available on-line: One dimensional models of water column biogeochemistry (JGOFS Report Nr. 23)
as of 18 May


New CD-ROM: data from the JGOFS-India programme in the Arabian Sea
 as of 30 April


International JGOFS Symposium on the Southern Ocean: climatic changes and the cycle of carbon: first announcement
 as of 6 April


New CD-ROM: JGOFS International Collection, CTD, XBT and SeaSoar Data from the Arabian Sea between 1990 and 1997
as of 18 March


Fourth edition of JGOFS synthesis of the Equatorial Pacific
as of 16 March


Data Report from the 1994 Italian JGOFS cruise in the Ross Sea: ANTA94 Leg 1
as of 22 February


Antarctic literature: publications from the Italian National Programme for Antarctic Research
as of 22 February


Workshop announcement: JGOFS North Pacific Workshop & SEATS Planning Meeting
as of 3 February


1998 Entries

bullet_p.gif (978 bytes) International Symposium on the Biogeochemistry of the Arabian Sea: Synthesis and Modelling
          - Programme (18-20 January 1999)
          - Abstracts
as of 21 December

bullet_p.gif (978 bytes) New JGOFS report (Nr. 28): Meeting minutes from the 11th & 12th JGOFS SSC, and the 2nd NPTT meeting. On-line
as of 15 December

bullet_p.gif (978 bytes) JGOFS synthesis and modelling activities are being listed in this web site
as of 30 November

bullet_p.gif (978 bytes) New CD-ROMs with JGOFS data are announced in the catalogue
as of 20 November

bullet_p.gif (978 bytes) JGOFS Report Nr. 27. Parameters of Photosynthesis: definition, theory and interpretation of results. On line
as of 6 November

bullet_p.gif (978 bytes) NEW CD-ROM: data from Arabesque, the UK contribution to the JGOFS Process Studies in the Arabian Sea have been published by BODC
as of 13 October

bullet_p.gif (978 bytes) Poster titles and authors, presented at the International Arabian Sea workshop at UNESCO (Paris) in June 4-5 June, 1998
as of 7 October

bullet_p.gif (978 bytes) An update of JGOFS scientific rationale, activities and time plans has been implemented at this web site.
as of 11 September

bullet_p.gif (978 bytes) The JGOFS Synthesis Plan is now on-line on this web-site
as of 10 September

bullet_p.gif (978 bytes) Call for papers from the JGOFS North Atlantic Synthesis group
as of 7 September

bullet_p.gif (978 bytes) New JGOFS report about the findings of the JGOFS Photosynthesis Measurements Task Team
as of 2 September

bullet_p.gif (978 bytes) International Scientific Symposium and Training Course on Biogeochemical Modelling of the Ocean: 2nd announcement
as of 19 August

bullet_p.gif (978 bytes) The minutes from the 12th JGOFS SSC meeting (Oban 1997) are now available at this web site (included in JGOFS Report 28)
as of 6 August

bullet_p.gif (978 bytes) The JGOFS International Project Office has implemented a catalogue of on-line publications at this web site.
as of 5 August

bullet_p.gif (978 bytes) Conference on Marine Environment, the Past, Present and Future: 1st Announcement
as of 17 July

bullet_p.gif (978 bytes) The minutes from the 1997 JGOFS Executive Committee meeting are now available at this web-site
as of 14 July

bullet_p.gif (978 bytes) The Ocean Carbon-Cycle Model Intercomparison Project (OCMIP) has launched a web page
as of 8 July

bullet_p.gif (978 bytes) A long-term record database is now available at CDIAC: Carbon-14 Measurements in surface water CO2 from the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans, 1965-1994
as of 3 July

bullet_p.gif (978 bytes) Report from the First meeting of the JGOFS North Atlantic Synthesis Group
as of 30 June

bullet_p.gif (978 bytes) The North Pacific Task Team has launched a web site. Have a look!
as of 29 June

bullet_p.gif (978 bytes) The visiting schedule of the FTime Series station KNOT in the North Pacific has been prepared by Toshiro Saino
as of 19 May

bullet_p.gif (978 bytes) The NPTT reviews plans for studies in the North Pacific
as of 8 May

bullet_p.gif (978 bytes) The JGOFS-Japan Data Management Office has opened a web site
as of 20 April

bullet_p.gif (978 bytes) The Agenda of the 13th JGOFS SSC meeting in Cape Town is now on-line
as of 2 April

bullet_p.gif (978 bytes) Erratum on the Protocols for JGOFS Core Measurements (JGOFS Report Nr. 19)
as of 17 March

bullet_p.gif (978 bytes) JGOFS-Japan has launched its web site.
as of 16 March

bullet_p.gif (978 bytes) Second International Symposium on CO2 in the Oceans: 1st Announcement
as of 9 March

bullet_p.gif (978 bytes) International Conference on Coastal Ocean and Semi-Enclosed Seas Circulation and Ecology Modelling and Monitoring: 1st Announcement
as of 26 February

bullet_p.gif (978 bytes) International Scientific Symposium and Training Course on Biogeochemical Modelling of the Ocean: 1st announcement
as of 25 February

bullet_p.gif (978 bytes) JGOFS France has implemented a web site at Oceanologic Observatory of Villefranche-sur-Mer
as of 2 February

bullet_p.gif (978 bytes) Highlights from the International JGOFS Modelling Symposium in Oban, Scottland
as of 12 January

bullet_p.gif (978 bytes) Second Announcement of the International Conference on Benthic Processes in the Deep Arabian Sea (1-3 July 1998)
as of 7 January



1997 Entries

bullet_p.gif (978 bytes) At the Ocean Data Symposium held in Dublin, 15-18 October, Roy Lowry (BODC) and Beatriz Balińo (IPO) presented the poster entitled: The Data Management System of JGOFS
as of 16 December

bullet_p.gif (978 bytes) The JGOFS International Project Office is building a JGOFS library. It contains references to scientific articles, presentations in conferences, theses, reports, articles in newsletters, and much more. Have a look!
as of 29 October

bullet_p.gif (978 bytes) New JGOFS Report #18: A compilation of JGOFS refereed articles and invited book chapters published between 1988 and 1996
as of 10 October

bullet_p.gif (978 bytes) The deadline for the next round of applications for the START Fellowship/Visiting Scientist and Guest Lectureship awards has been set for September 15
as of 8 July

bullet_p.gif (978 bytes) The Proceedings of an International Marine Science Symposium on North Pacific biogeochemical process has been released
as of 29 May

bullet_p.gif (978 bytes) Ocean Circulation and Climate: the 1998 WOCE Conference
as of 14 April

bullet_p.gif (978 bytes) The protocols of the JGOFS core measurements (JGOFS Report Nr. 19) are now ON LINE on this web site!
as of 6 March



1996 Entries


bullet_p.gif (978 bytes) Report on the international Workshop on Continental Shelf Fluxes of Carbon, Nitrogen and Phosphorus
as of December 1996

bullet_p.gif (978 bytes) First report of the JGOFS/LOICZ Continental Margins Task Team
as of 10 December

bullet_p.gif (978 bytes) The JGOFS North Pacific Task Team has been appointed
as of 8 October

bullet_p.gif (978 bytes) JGOFS Symposium on Synthesis and Modelling: Announcement
as of November 1996

bullet_p.gif (978 bytes) New JGOFS Report: Remote Sensing in the JGOFS project
as of 16 September

bullet_p.gif (978 bytes) Russian translation of interest to JGOFS Southern Ocean researchers
as of 26 September

bullet_p.gif (978 bytes) JGOFS Report Nr. 19 (Protocols for the JGOFS core measurements) has been reprinted by the JGOFS International Project Office
as of June 1996







This is a revised version of the findings of the JGOFS Photosynthesis Measurements Task Team published in the Journal of Plankton Research, Vol. 19 no. 11, pp. 1637-1670, 1997. You can order a copy of this report from the International Project Office by sending an email to This report will be on-line soon.

The OCMIP has launched a web page...............

In 1995 IGBP initiated the Ocean Carbon-Cycle Model Intercomparison Project (OCMIP) through the Global, Analysis, Interpretation, and Modeling (GAIM) task force. OCMIP's immediate goal is to help identify and understand differences between existing 3-D global ocean carbon-cycle models and thus spped their development. During its second phase, (1998-2000) OCMIP provides a crucial link between GAIM and JGOFS.

For information contact James Orr (, Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement, Unite mixte de recherche CNRS-CEA, L'Orme des Merisiers - Bat.709 - CEA/Saclay, 91191 GIF sur YVETTE CEDEX, France, Telf: (+33) 169 087 723, Fax.: (+33) )169 087 716
Find more about the activities of this project at their web site.

Carbon-14 Measurements in surface water CO2 from the
Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans, 1965-1994

Contributed by
Reidar Nydal
Department of Physics, The Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU)

Prepared by
Antoinette L. Brenkert and Thomas A. Boden
Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, WDC-A for Atmospheric Trace Gases
Oak Ridge National Laboratory


In the 1960s, thermonuclear bomb tests released significant pulses of radioactive carbon-14 (14C) into the atmosphere. These major perturbations allowed scientists to study the dynamics of the global carbon cycle by calculating rates of isotopic exchange between the atmosphere and ocean waters. The Radiological Dating Laboratory at the Norwegian Institute of Technology performed 14C measurements of atmospheric CO2 from 1962 to 1993 at a network of ground stations in the northern and southern hemispheres; in addition it performed 14C measurements at high-altitude (between 9-12.6 km) during 1965 (Nydal & Lövseth, 1983, 1996). The Norwegian Radiological Dating Laboratory performed similar measurements on seawater samples collected at the ocean surface from 1965 through 1994. The resulting 14C ocean surface water database is documented here and is available from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) as NDP-057A, free of charge.
The data from NDP-057A, coupled with other 14C data sets, can lead to a greater understanding of the dynamic carbon reservoir and lead to a crude picture of anomalous sources and sinks at different geographical latitudes. The database is outstanding for its inclusion of early 14C measurements, broad spatial coverage of sampling, relative consistency of sampling methods, and delta 14C calculation results corrected for isotopic fractionation and radioactive decay. This database replaces previous versions published by the author and the Radiological Dating Laboratory.
A total of 950 ocean surface water observations were made from 1965 through 1994. The measurements were taken at 30 stations in the Atlantic Ocean, 14 stations in the Indian Ocean, and 38 stations in the Pacific Ocean. Thirty-two of the 950 samples were taken in the Atlantic Ocean during the R/V Andenes research cruises.
14C was measured in 871 of the 950 samples, and those measurements have been corrected (delta 14C) for isotopic fractionation and radioactive decay. The delta 14C values range between -113.3 and 280.9 per mille and have a mean value of 101.3 per mille. The highest yearly mean (146.5 per mille) was calculated for 1969, the lowest yearly mean values was calculated for 1990 (67.9 per mille) illustrating a decrease over time. This decrease was to be expected as a result of the ban on atmospheric thermonuclear tests and the slow mixing of the ocean surface waters with the deeper layers. The range of delta 14C value is large and depends on where and when the sample was taken, i.e., upwelling areas, far northern or southern latitudes, near fresh water influxes, temperature, salinity. Besides the corrected 14C data, the 13C data used for correcting the 14C for fractionation are provided as are the temperature, salinity and depth measurements, and information on where and when the samples were taken. Data are plotted vs time and vs latitude with ocean designations to provide quick overviews of data patterns. The data are fully listed and are available as one file of around 0.08 megabytes. The format of the data file permits easy import into PC-based spreadsheet software like Microsoft Excel. Programs to read and print the data file (FORTRAN 77 and SAS) are also provided.
Given the long period-of-record, this database may serves as a baseline for 14C measurements collected during more recent oceanographic cruises including the World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE), Joint Global Ocean Flux Study (JGOFS), Transient Tracers in the Ocean program (TTO), South Atlantic Ventilation Experiment (SAVE) data and the older Geochemical Ocean Sections Study (GEOSECS).

Report citation:

Nydal, R., A. L. Brenkert (ed.), and T. A. Boden (ed.). 1998. Carbon-14 Measurements in surface water CO2 from the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans, 1965-1994. ORNL/CDIAC-104, NDP-057A. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA pp.131


Reidar Nydal
Department of Physics-NTNU
Sem Sćlandsv. 9, 7034 Trondheim
Phone 73 59 33 08, Fax 73 59 77 10
Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)
P.O. Box 2008 MS 6335
Oak Ridge, TN 37831

Visit CDIAC's homepage


In the equation for phaeopigments in section 8.0 of Chapter 14, the last term: - vol ex , should be substituted by the following:

(volex / volfilt)

The phaeopigments equation should then read as follows:

JGOFS Report Nr. 24

JGOFS report Nr. 24 includes more than 1,500 records of refereed articles and invited book chapters derived from JGOFS research, published in the period between 1988 and 1996. This is an update of previous Report No. 18. The document is available on-line at this web-site.

Proceedings of the International Marine Science Symposium held on 12-14 November 1996 in
Mutsu, Aomori, JAPAN

The symposium was organised and sponsored by the Japan Marine Science Foundation, JAMSTEC, Japan National Committee for IGBP, the Oceanographic Society of Japan and the Geochemical Society of Japan. The convenor was Shizuo Tsunogai from Hokkaido University.
The symposium was attended by 96 scientists from 8 countries consisting chiefly of chemical oceanographers.
The Proceedings cover the following topics:

If you want to order a copy of the Proceedings, please contact S. Tsunogai at

The newly appointed JGOFS North Pacific Task Team sized the opportunity to hold its first meeting during the symposium.

Ocean Circulation and Climate: the 1998 WOCE Conference
24-29 May 1998, Halifax Nova Scotia, Canada

The World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE) is a component of the World Climate Research Programme investigating the role played by the ocean circulation in the earth's climate system. Its aim is to develop improved ocean circulation models for use in climate research. The WOCE observational phase from 1990­1997 has used satellites and in-situ physical and chemical measurements to produce a data set of unprecedented scope and precision. WOCE is now entering its phase of Analysis, Interpretation, Modelling and Synthesis (AIMS) which will continue until the end of WOCE in 2002. The reconciliation of model results and observations, and ultimately the assimilation of ocean data into models, presents the ocean science community with a novel set of challenges.

The 1998 WOCE Conference "Ocean Circulation and Climate" marks the end of the observational phase and looks towards the challenges of WOCE AIMS. It will provide an opportunity for scientists who have been involved in the observational and modelling activities to display the progress made towards the programme's objectives and to highlight the intellectual challenges that remain to derive maximum benefit from the enormous investment already made in WOCE..


The Protocols for the JGOFS Core Measurements (JGOFS Report Nr. 19) is now on line. You can download the report and the software needed to view and print it from this web site.



The workshop was convened in Lagos, Nigeria, October 14-18th, 1996, with participants from each region and "resource people" to facilitate the effort. Preliminary overviews and budgets were presented for each region. This was followed by a three day workshop for each regional group to prepare a consensus budget for their region. These revised budgets were presented in a plenary session on the final day of the workshop.
It was the consensus of the participants that:

The budgeting approach should ultimately lead to more sophisticated biogeochemical or ecological modelling procedures which give potential to move from diagnostic to prognostic analysis. Good budgets require good data; budgets from data-poor regions based on "best guesses" may yield calculated fluxes which are unreasonable. In this context, the budgeting procedure assists in the identifying the gaps in knowledge which need to be filled in order to understand the role of continental margins as sources or sinks for C, N, and P.

A copy of this report can be ordered from the JGOFS International Project Office



The Joint Global Ocean Flux Studies (JGOFS) and the Land Ocean Interactions in the Coastal Zone (LOICZ) are Core Projects of the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme: A study of Global Change (IGBP). They both have a primary interest in material fluxes in the ocean. JGOFS focuses on carbon fluxes in the open ocean, with interest in the continental margins as inputs to the ocean. LOICZ focuses on the land-sea interface and the coastal zone, with interest in the shelf edge as a boundary of exchange with the open ocean. The region of the continental margins thus marks an intersection between these two projects. Recognising both this mutual interest and the importance of the continental margins, the Scientific Steering Committees (SSCs) of these two projects have established a Continental Margins Task Team (CMTT).

The CMTT was established as a joint working group of the Scientific Steering committees of JGOFS and LOICZ which each nominated a co-chair and three members of the Task Team.

To date, the work of the Task Team has been executed primarily by correspondence. Two ad hoc meetings of the co-chairs have occurred, and most members of the CMTT met in Texel, The Netherlands, on 16 April 1996. This document constitutes the first report of the CMTT back to the JGOFS and LOICZ SSCs.

This document provides recommendations to the respective International Project Offices (IPOs) to be followed in dealing with proposed or extant research on the open continental shelves, and secondarily to inform the National Committees of IGBP, JGOFS, and LOICZ as to how JGOFS and LOICZ are dealing with research of interest to these two IGBP projects. The report also makes recommendations for facilitating communication among scientists in these two IGBP core projects.

The contents of the report is displayed in the CMTT homepage at the following URL address or at


The establishment of the JGOFS North Pacific Task Team (NPTT) has recently been approved by the JGOFS Executive Meeting. The Task Team is chaired by Alexander Bychkov (Russia) and co-chaired by Toshiro Saino (Japan). Members appointed to the NPTT are: Den Denman (Canada), Kyun-Ryul Kom (Korea), Chen-Tung A. Chen (China-Taipei), Bruce Frost (USA), plus one member to be announced. The NPTT plans to hold its first meeting in connection with the International Marine Science Symposium on Biogeochemical Processes in the North Pacifi, that will take place in Aomori, Japan, on 12-14 November 1996.


A JGOFS symposium on Synthesis and Modelling will be held in Argyll (Oban), Scottland on May 20-26th, 1997. The goal of JGOFS is to determine and understand the time-varying fluxes of carbon and associated biogenic elements in the ocean, and related exchanges with the atmosphere, sea floor and continental boundaries. The objectives of the symposium are: (i) to provide the opportunity for JGOFS modellers to meet; (ii) to present and discuss the results of JGOFS modelling studies with observationalists; (iii) to present the results of JGOFS modelling studies to a wider community, including IGBP Core Projects, e.g. GAIM, DIS, GLOBEC, LOICZ and PAGES; and (iv) to make significant progress in global synthesis
Contact person: Coleen Moloney, Marine Biology Research Institute, University of Cape Town, Rondebosh 7700, South Africa. Fax: (+27-21) 650 3301. Email:

JGOFS Report No. 20 (September 1996)

A status report on national remote-sensing programs by the JGOFS Remote Sensing Task Team is available from the JGOFS Core Project Office. The purpose of the Remote Sensing Task Team (J. Yoder, Chair, J. Aiken, H. Fukushima, G. Korotaev, A. Morel, J. Parslow, S. Sathyendranath) is to evaluate JGOFS Research Strategies in light of recent developments in remote sensing hardware planned by nations space agencies and in relation to the evolving scientific applications of satellite remote sensing. In their report, they reviewed satellite sensors for the nineties, calibration and validation of satellite sensors, future data products from satellite ocean color sensors, and application of remotely-sensed chlorophyll fields to model primary and net production on basin and global scales.

If you want to order a copy of this report, or any other report from JGOFS Report Series, click here


An English translation of "Pacific Sub-antarctic Ecosystems", eds. M. E. Vinogradov and M. V. Flint, Nauka Moscow, 1988, will soon be available from Janet Grieve at NIWA Wellington, Box 14901, Kilbirnie, Wellington . This book reports on a region bounded by 30o - 60oS and 165o - 120oW east of New Zealand. It includes sections on the abiotic components, the microplankton, meso- and macroplankton, and structural and functional ecosystem characteristics and models of their dynamics.
This volume represents a "budget" translation which has not been closely edited: there may be typographical or slight translation errors. The main caption of tables and figures have been translated; some symbols have not been converted to English equivalent. It is produced as single-sided, bound, xerox copy. Those interested, please contact Janet Grieve (, phone: +64 4 386 0362, fax: +64 4 386 2153) as soon as possible in order to estimate how many copies are to be made. Price US$ 30 (including economy postage); US$ 40 (including airmail postage); NZ$ 40 for New Zealand resident purchasers.

Protocols for the Joint Global Ocean Flux Study (JGOFS) Core Measurements (JGOFS Report No. 19, June 1996)

The IOC Manuals and Guides No. 29 has been reprinted by the JGOFS International Office Project (IPO) in Bergen, Norway. An edited version of the preface of this report, written by Hugh Ducklow and Andrew Dickson, reads as follows:

The Joint Global Ocean Flux Study relies on a variety of techniques and measurements strategies to characterize the biogeochemical state of the ocean, and to gain a better mechanistic understanding required for predictive capability. Early in the program, a list of Core Measurements was defined as the minimum set of properties and variables JGOFS needed to achieve these goals. Even at the time of the North Atlantic Bloom Experiment (NABE), in which just a few nations and a relatively small number of laboratories contributed most of the measurements, there was a general understanding that experience, capability and personal preferences about particular methods varied significantly within the program. An attempt to reach consensus about the best available techniques to use is documented in JGOFS Report 6, "Core Measurements Protocols: Reports of the Core Measurements Working Groups". As JGOFS has grown and diversified, the need for standardization has intensified. The present volume, edited by Anthony Knap and his colleagues at the Bermuda Biological Station for Research, is JGOFS' most recent attempt to catalog the core measurements and define the current state of the art. More importantly, the measurements protocols are presented in a standardized format which is intended to help new investigators to perform these measurements with some understanding of the procedures needed to obtain reliable, repeatable and precise results.

The job is not finished. For many of the present techniques, the analytical precision is poorly quantified, and calibrations standards do not exist. Some of the protocols represent compromises among competing approaches, where none seems clearly superior. The key to further advances lies in wider application of these methods within and beyond the JGOFS community, and greater involvement in modification and perfection of the techniques, or development of new approaches. Readers and users of this manual are encouraged to send comments, suggestions and criticisms to the JGOFS IPO.

JGOFS is most grateful to Knap and his colleagues at BBSR for the great labor involved in creating this manual. Many scientists besides the Bermuda group also contributed to these protocols, by providing protocols of their own, serving on experts' working groups, or reviewing the draft chapters of this manual. We thank all those who contributed with time and expertise toward this important aspect of JGOFS. Finally, we note the pivotal role played by Neil Andersen, US National Science Foundations and Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission, in motivating JGOFS to complete this effort. His insistence on the need for a rigorous, analytical approach employing the best available techniques and standards helped to build the foundation on which the scientific integrity of JGOFS must ultimately rest.

This report is now on-line in this web-site.



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