In addition, some other stations could be of interest to JGOFS
scientists, either for their particularities or their historical value:
(English Channel, offshore Plymouth, 50º02'N
04º22'W) -- 1902 - 1987 and
intermittently afterwards, until 2001, when a more continuous series was
Station E1 is situated approximately 20 nautical miles from Plymouth. The
UK Marine Biological Association (MBA) started collecting data at E1 in 1902
and continued until funding was withdrawn in 1987. Throughout the years,
various parameters have been measured at this station (temperature,
salinity, nutrients, zooplankton, phytoplankton, chlorophyll, benthos). The
length of the Station E1 series makes these data essential for showing
environmental change over decadal scales. Through the Marine Environmental
Change Network (MECN), sampling at station E1 has been restarted by a
collaboration of Plymouth partners: MBA, PML and SAHFOS. Temperature,
salinity, nutrients, phytoplankton and zooplankton are sampled on a monthly
basis at E1. Contact: email@example.com.
Carbon Retention In A Colored Ocean Project
-- California Cooperative Oceanic Fisheries Investigations.
CalCOFI story begins with the mystery surrounding the disappearance of a
small silvery fish, the sardine. During the 1920s and 1930s more
sardines were caught off the California coast than any other fish in
North America. Then the annual catch plummeted from 550,000 metric tons
in 1945 to just 100,000 metric tons two years later. CalCOFI was formed
in 1949 to determine the cause of the sardine’s radical decline. It is
now a collaborative effort among MLRG at Scripps, the California
Department of Fish and Game, and the Southwest Fisheries Science Center
(SWFSC), a regional branch of the National Marine Fisheries Service.
Weather Ship Station M
(Norwegian Sea, 66°N, 2°E)
daily oceanographic measurements in the deep Norwegian Sea since 1
October 1948, Ocean Weather Ship Station (OWS) Mike, at 66N,02E, can
present the longest existing homogeneous time series from the deep
ocean. Station M is operating above the eastern margin of the Norwegian
Sea deep basin where a branch of the Atlantic current is entering the
area, Figure 1. The location proved to be strategic both for studying
the Atlantic inflow and the Norwegian Sea Deep Water. The OWS M is
operated by the Norwegian Meteorological Institute (DNMI) and the
hydrographic programme is carried out by Geophysical Institute, the
University of Bergen.
see also http://www.gfi.uib.no/forskning/mike/
Fixed-Point, Time-Series Initiative (Time Series Working Group)
The Partnership for Observation of the Global Oceans (POGO) is a forum
created by major oceanographic institutions involved in global observations,
scientific research, operational services, education and training and aiming
at the promotion of global oceanography, particularly the implementation of
an international and integrated global ocean observing system.
The availability of long time-series data from the global oceans is
recognised as a key element to understanding the role of the oceans in
modulating the behavior of the earth system.
In this context, the Partnership resolved, at their second meeting in São
Paulo, Brazil in Nov-Dec 2000, to promote the advancement of long-term,
fixed-point, time-series observations, in co-ordination with the OOPC,
CLIVAR and COOP. It was noted that fixed-point time-series stations would
complement the Argo float programme which is already being implemented as a
global observation programme. As part of the POGO initiative, a Time-Series
Working Group has been formed jointly with the OOPC.
Fixed-point time series are an essential element of the global ocean
observing system. These "Eulerian Observatories" are uniquely suited for fully
sampling 2 of the 4 dimensions (depth and time), thus complementing other
components of the observing system (satellites, floats, ships). They resolve
a wide range of temporal variability and sample the water column from the
surface to the bottom. Fixed-point stations will resolve multi-disciplinary
variability and processes like CO2 uptake, biological productivity, fluxes
of heat, freshwater momentum and other properties between the ocean and
atmosphere, and seismic and biological activity on the bottom.
Eulerian Observatories (GEO).
NODC Coastal Ocean Time Series Database
The Coastal Ocean Laboratory of the US National Oceanographic Data Center
(NODC) has begun a project for developing a prototype coastal ocean time
series database (COTSDB). The primary objective of this project is to
integrate coastal ocean time series observations from a variety of
instruments with different resolution, accuracy and response to spatial and
temporal variability into a common database.